Diplomatic relations between the USSR and Jordan were established on August 21, 1963 on the initiative of Jordan. On December 28, 1991 the government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan admitted the sovereignty and independence of the Russian Federation and other CIS countries.
Political relations between Russia and Jordan have been developing successfully due to similar approaches of two countries to the subject of Middle East and Iraq, and due to the desire of two governments to continue strengthening the relationship between Russia and Jordan in all spheres.
The meetings at the top level have also become regular. Thus in September 2000 President Vladimir Putin and the King of Jordan Abdalla II had a short talk during the “Millennium Summit” in New York. In August 2001 the King paid an official visit to Russia. King Abdalla II paid several business visits to Russia in November of 2001, July and November of 2002, November of 2003, September of 2004 and August of 2005. President Putin visited the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on February 12-13, 2007.
The meetings at the level of Foreign Affairs Ministers have also been held regularly. Igor Ivanov was on a visit to Jordan in June and July of 2003. Sergey Lavrov visited Jordan in October 2005 and November 2006. Jordan Minister of Foreign Affairs Marwan Muasher visited Moscow in February 2004. Two years later, in March 2006, Abdel Ilah Al Hatib paid a business visit to Russia.
The government of Jordan is in favor of future development of political relations with Russia, especially in the sphere of peaceful settlement of the unstable situation in Iraq and around Syria.
The approaches of Russia and Jordan to other international issues are found to be practically identical. Judging from the discussions held in the UN, Russia and Jordan take practically the same views on the problems of international terrorism and extremism, strategic stability, disarmament (at both global and regional levels), non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, Afghanistan, human rights, humanitarian and information security, etc.
Special attention by both countries is paid to the Chechen issue. There are about 100 000 people from North Caucasus living in Jordan, and they form a rather influential Diaspora. About 10 000 people out of the Diaspora are Chechen, and many of them made attempts to actively support separatists in Chechnya in the past. Later, however, the leaders of Chechen Diaspora reconsidered their attitude to the present government of the Chechen Republic, owning particularly to the measures taken by the government of Jordan, like active negotiations with the leaders of the Diaspora. The visits of the President of Chechnya Alu Alkhanov (September 2005), the President of Ingushetia Murat Zyazikov (June 2006, February 2007), the President of Chechnya Ramzan Kadirov (August 2007) to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan have also influenced the attitude of the Diaspora greatly.
Trade and economic cooperation between Russia and Jordan has moved to a new stage since 2007. The two-way foreign trade turnover grew substantially and amounted to 169 million dollars (for the period of 10 months in 2007) in comparison to only 64.8 million dollars in 2006. It is said that establishing a special intergovernmental committee of trade and economic cooperation could have stimulated the development of the relations. At the present stage there is still a great potential for the development provided that the private sector is also activated. Attempts are taken to develop techno-economic cooperation, too. The Company “Russian Railways” has passed the qualification tests to take part in the tender for the contract to build Amman-Zarqa railway line. The Company “Tekhnopromexort” showed interest in the tender for the contract to build two thermal power plants and hydroelectric power stations on the River Yarmuk.
The Company “AvtoVAZ” is now carrying on negotiations with Jordanian partners about concluding an agreement on establishing a joint company for producing “LADA” cars. “AvtoVAZ” has sent techno-commercial offers to the Jordanian partners on the delivery of finished products by Togliatti Car Factory, as well as on the delivery of assembly sets for the car models which are planned to be produced on the territory of Jordan.
The Company “Stroitransgaz” is planning to tender for building the oil pipeline connecting oilfields in Iraq (Kirkuk) and petroleum refinery in Zarqa, Jordan. The Company “EnergoEngineeringEnterprises” is negotiating with the Jordanian company “Al-Jizan” about building a gas-turbine rig for producing electric power with 400MW capacity.
What concerns cultural sphere, groups of artists, musical bands and dance groups from Russia, as well as from North Caucasus, visit Jordan on a regular basis.
Russia and Jordan are also arranging contacts between the universities of two countries. Russian universities welcome Jordanian students, but only 40-50% of federal scholarships are used.
RJBC Deputy Chairman, Director Mr. Kononenko Has Formal Meeting with Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to Russian Federation H.E. Mr. Khalid Abdullah Shawabkah
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